"; n.callMethod.apply(n,arguments):n.queue.push(arguments)}; Under Grant’s plan, freed slaves will be able to relocate to the Caribbean island (the Dominican Republic today). Lincoln does not sign the Wade-Davis Bill; his pocket veto means the bill does not pass into law. Leaders of the group include many prominent Republicans unhappy about vindictive Reconstruction policies and corruption in government, which they call Grantism. Reconstruction Era Timeline Fact 12: December 4, 1865 - Congress convened and refused to seat the Southern representatives. Dec 20, 1860. The assassin, John Wilkes Booth and his co-conspirators, had believed their action would help the Confederacy. : Election 1876, “A dead Radical is very harmless” How to Win the Election of 1876, Ted Widmer on How Lincoln Survived the Worst Election Ever, NY Times Reviews New Book “The Kidnapping Club” on NY Ring that Kidnapped Blacks Into Slavery, “Deconstructing Confederate Monuments” A Discussion About History and Monumentation, The Woman Who Published “The Reconstructionist” Was a Firebrand and an Arson Target, The Size of the Army During Reconstruction: 43,000 at the End of 1868. June 13: Congress sends the Fourteenth Amendment to the states. August/September: President Johnson shows growing leniency toward the white South: he orders the restoration of land to its former owners, including the land provided to freed slaves by General Sherman’s January field order. After setting the scene for the Reconstruction Era this article continues to chart the Important events of this difficult period in American History with fast, Reconstruction Era facts presented in a timeline format. Fall: The political tide has finally turned in the Democrats' favor; they win control of Congress as stories of black political corruption, continued Southern violence, and a terrible economic depression occupy public attention. Check out the Siteseen network of educational websites. Reconstruction Era for kidsAndrew Johnson was the 17th American President who served in office from April 15, 1865 to March 4, 1869. 1871 SOUTH SECEDES FROM THE UNION December 24th, 1860The force of events moved very quickly uponthe election of Lincoln. Johnson moves to Reconstruct the South on his own initiative  He prefers to call the process  "restoration", emphasizing his leniency towards the rebelling Southern states. if(!f._fbq)f._fbq=n;n.push=n;n.loaded=!0;n.version='2.0'; Every Southern state (except Tennessee) refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and protect the rights of its black citizens, Reconstruction Era Timeline Fact 25: March 2, 1867 - The First of 4 Reconstruction Acts were passed over President Johnson's veto. Although the final legislation is less generous than Grant had wanted, now only a few hundred former Confederates are excluded from political privileges. July 14: Alabama is readmitted to the Union. Impeachment Crisis  Congress impeaches Johnson but he avoids conviction by one vote. CIVIL WAR &RECONSTRUCTION TIMELINE By: Mitch Pritchett 2. December: President Johnson declares the reconstruction process complete. No friend to the South’s large landowners, Johnson declares that they and the Confederate leadership will be required to petition him individually for pardons. 40,000 freedmen are living on the land by June 1865. The Reconstruction Era for kids: President Andrew JohnsonThis was the situation when President Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency. The settlers are to receive "possessory title" to forty-acre plots. setting the scene for the abolition of slavery. December: President Johnson declares the reconstruction process complete. The national debate over Reconstruction began during the Civil War. 14th Amendment passed by Congress  grants full citizenship to blacks, gives the Federal  government the responsibility to protect equal rights under the law to all American citizens. In History. Newly enfranchised black men in the South cast 700,000 votes for the Republican ticket. 1868 Electoral Commissoin awards disputed electoral votes tot he republican candidate. This railroad network will be the single most influential factor in the emergence of a new  industrial age. May 1: Racial violence rages in Memphis, Tennessee for three days as whites assault blacks on the streets. Reconstruction Era Timeline Fact 16: February 4, 1866 - A follow-up Freedmen’s Bureau Bill was vetoed by President Andrew Johnson, Reconstruction Era Timeline Fact 17: April 9, 1866 - Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 declared "all persons born in the United States...hereby declared to be citizens of the United States." Reconstruction policies officially end. Nov 18, 1863. Menu. Over the next five years, the black populations of the South’s ten largest cities will double. Reconstruction also refers to the attempt to transform the 11 Southern former Confederate states, as di… The South codifies and enforces segregation. See what happened state by state. Martin Kelly Updated October 06, 2019 Reconstruction was a time of rebuilding the the United States after the tumultuous years of the Civil War. Reconstruction Era Timeline Fact 40: 1877 - Rutherford B. Hayes removes troops from South Carolina and Louisiana, signaling the end of Reconstruction. Six days later, President Lincoln is assassinated, and his vice president, Southern Democrat Andrew Johnson, becomes president. February 3: The 15th Amendment is ratified. (1863-1877) Terms in this set (13) 1863-Emancipation Proclamation-The Ten Percent Plan. By the time of Lincoln's assassination the President and Congress were at a stalemate. The Reconstruction era was the period in American history that lasted from 1863 to 1877 following the American Civil War (1861–65) and is a significant chapter in the history of American civil rights. March 1: As one of its last acts, the Republican-led Congress passes the Civil Rights Bill of 1875, prohibiting segregation in public facilities. The treaty is opposed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, headed by Charles Sumner, and will never be confirmed. "; It offers general amnesty to all white Southerners who take an oath of future loyalty and accept wartime measures abolishing slavery. One of the important events during his presidency was the Reconstruction of the South following the Civil War. July 31: President Andrew Johnson tells Ulysses S. Grant that he intends to fire Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, who has been a consistent opponent of the president and is close to the Radical Republicans who dominate Congress. 1877 August 11: Johnson orders Grant to take over the War Department temporarily. The treaty is opposed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, headed by Charles Sumner, and will never be confirmed. Reconstruction of the South, 1857. The first Black Senator, Hiram R. Revels, assumed the seat of. Civil Rights Act of 1875  states that no citizen can be denied the equal use of public facilities  such as inns, restaurants, etc. July: In New York City, opposition to the nation's first military draft triggers a riot, the largest in American history, as poor white Northerners protest being forced to fight to end slavery. } This made all Indigenous people wards of the state. Click an image to jump to that section of the exhbit. November 3: Grant is elected president, winning an electoral college majority of 214-80 over his Democratic opponent. 1865 The Freedmen’s Bureau works to smooth the transition from slavery, providing formers slaves with immediate shelter and medical services, help in negotiating labor contracts with landowners, and more. In Congressional elections of 1866, Republicans increase their majority in Congress, forming solid  anti-Johnson majorities in both houses. It would extend throughout the South by 1868. Print; Main. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; 1863 In their resistance, the Sioux led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse defeat. April: In its 5-3 Texas v. White decision, the U.S. Supreme Court declares Radical Reconstruction constitutional, stating that secession from the Union is illegal. September 18: The panic of 1873 begins with the failure of a Wall Street banking firm, spreads to the stock exchange, and eventually leads to widespread unemployment. Grant uses force for the last time to subvert the White League's attempt to overthrow a  Republican government accused of stealing an election. April 14, Lincoln is assassinated at Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth. He lacked experience and had neither the intelligence, patience nor the stature of Lincoln. Congress is outraged, and Radical Republicans refuse to recognize new governments in southern states. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Birmingham Campaign: History, Issues, and Legacy, The Civil Rights Act of 1866: History and Impact, The Compromise of 1877 Set the Stage for the Jim Crow Era, African American History Timeline: 1865 to 1869, Timeline of American History from 1871 to 1875, 15th Amendment Grants Voting Rights to Black American Men, 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing: History and Legacy, The Election of 1876: Hayes Lost Popular Vote but Won White House, The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. March 4: Following a bitterly disputed presidential contest between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel Tilden, in which both candidates claim victory, Hayes is declared president.

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